Perhaps you have never considered it, but there are different types of psychological therapies. And these go beyond listening to the patient’s problems. There are as many modalities as individuals have personalities. And its effectiveness is linked to the technical skills and knowledge of the professional who attends us.
What is psychological therapy?
Psychological therapy or psychotherapy is the name given to the set of techniques used by the clinical psychologist to improve patients’ quality of life. It is possible to modify behavior through psychotherapy to avoid those behaviors and thoughts that cause us discomfort.
There is usually a lot of ignorance around psychological treatments. Many people believe that going to psychotherapy is a sign of weakness. However, when we go to psychological therapy, we professionally treat those problems that affect our mental health.
Why go to psychological therapy? The problem has a solution.
But why go to psychological therapy? How can we realize that psychotherapy can be the solution we need for our problems? In general, there are a series of situations that can alert us to this need :
- Suffer from different types of phobias, such as a social phobia.
- Suffer from generalized anxiety disorders.
- Suffer from disorders associated with food, such as anorexia or bulimia.
- Being continually depressed
- We are having self-esteem issues.
- Suffer dependence on different substances, such as drugs or alcohol.
- We are facing school failure.
- Solve cases of aggressive or rebellious children.
- Couple problems, such as emotional dependence, psychological abuse, jealousy, the crisis in the couple by one of the two members, etc.
- In this case, the different types of psychological therapies for couples will help improve the communication of both individuals and control the impulses, emotions, and conflicts of the relationship.
- Disorders related to sex.
Going to psychotherapy is a way to unblock these disorders. Psychotherapists help us obtain the necessary tools to achieve a fuller life.
Types of psychological treatments
There is a wide variety of psychological therapies that allow the expert to select the model of psychotherapy that works best for each patient. Although the techniques are different, the goal is to improve the patient’s quality of life and achieve positive change.
How do I know what type of psychological therapy I need?
The five most effective psychotherapies and which one to go to according to each case
Next, we are going to take a tour of the most used types of psychological therapies:
1. Gestalt Therapy
It is one of the most famous humanistic therapies. It was developed in the 1940s. This therapy helps the patient learn to live focused on the present and become aware of their feelings and desires. This makes it easier to act consistently.
- For which people and in which situations is Gestalt therapy most useful? Gestalt is perfect for those people who seek personal growth and have difficulty achieving a balance between what they feel and what they do. It is ideal to follow the path of self-discovery. It has no age limit.
2. Cognitive-behavioral therapy
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is born from cognitive and behavioral therapy fusion. This treatment aims to modify our thinking to change how we act and feel. CBT is based on the idea that negatively facing problems causes negative behaviors and feelings that lead us to phobias and other types of disorders.
Through CBT, the patient learns to localize negative thoughts. In this way, CBT divides complex problems into smaller parts to be covered and modified using different techniques.
- Who is CBT useful for? CBT has proven its usefulness in treating cases of anxiety, social phobias, depression, anxiety, panic, post-traumatic or obsessive-compulsive stress disorders, etc.
3. Neuropsychological therapy
Neuropsychological therapies are aimed at patients suffering from brain or nervous system damage. It does not matter if this problem has been caused by accident or is congenital. It is appropriate for people of any age and achieves tremendous improvements on many levels: communication, memory, concentration.
To apply this type of therapy, it is necessary to have several experts, such as neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists.
4. Systemic therapy
Systemic therapy is one of the most used to solve family and couple problems.
This therapy is responsible for giving importance to social relationships in people’s lives. It develops jointly with other members of our environment (couple or family). He considers that how we interact is linked to the functioning of our social environment, with which we create a system. The patient’s difficulties are an expression that something is wrong in their social groups.
This therapy proposes new modes of interaction with our social group. The idea is to look for alternatives to the dynamics that are not working in our relationships.
- Brief Systemic Therapy. Brief systemic therapy uses the principles of systemic treatment but treats the patient individually, without the need to work with the rest of their social environment.
- Psychoanalytic therapy
Psychoanalytic therapy is best known to all, thanks to American cinema. Sigmund Freud was responsible for developing the theory of psychoanalysis. In this psychotherapy, the subconscious has great importance in solving therapeutic problems. According to this specialty, our behavior is associated with the conflicts that unconsciously arose during our childhood. These conflicts mark our behavior and are reflected in our dreams, emotions, thoughts, etc.
Those problems that generate countless defense mechanisms that only stop us come to light through psychoanalytic therapy.
An effective way to treat psychological problems
Psychological therapy or psychotherapy is an effective way to treat psychological problems or disorders that we may suffer throughout our lives, such as depression, anxiety, relationship or family problems, sexual or personality problems. The expert will be in charge of guiding us towards the most appropriate therapy for each case. Going to psychotherapy helps us strengthen our minds and live our lives fully.