Social Security number

Social Security number

In the United States, a Social Security number ( SSN ) is a nine-digit number. The record of the security card. This set of numbers is issued by the Federal Social Security Administration for individuals. The main purpose of the Social Security Number is to track an individual’s tax information, but in recent years it has become a de facto national identification number. Social Security Numbers can be obtained using the SS-5 application form, as described in Title 20 422 Item 103b of the Federal Set of Statutes.

History background

Structure of Entity Type – Social Security Number 

The first set of Social Security numbers was issued by the Social Security Administration in November 1936 as part of Roosevelt’s New Deal Social Security Program. Within three months, about 25 million sets of numbers were issued. Before 1986, most children and teens under the age of 14 did not have a Social Security number, because the number’s primary purpose was to track tax information, and people under 14 rarely had a regular source of income. After the US tax code was amended in 1986, people over the age of 5 who did not have a social security number could not be declared as dependents on tax returns; by 1990, the tax code was revised down to 1 year old again, In the end, the age limit was removed, and all citizens were required to have a social security number to be eligible for tax deductions. Since then, many parents have applied for Social Security numbers for their children as soon as they are born. Today, Social Security numbers can be applied for along with birth certificates.


This set of numbers was created to track individuals’ income and expenditure accounts within the Social Security program. While there were occasional duplicate login errors, Social Security numbers then began to become a personal identifier in the United States. Many employment (work), medical, educational, and credit records use Social Security numbers as a basis for indexing. The US military also uses social security numbers as soldier identification numbers, beginning with the Army and Air Force on July 1, 1969, followed by the Navy, the Navy Police, and the Coast Guard on January 1, 1972, and October 1, 1974. day follow-up.

Non-comprehensive use

Social Security was originally a comprehensive social health care tax in the United States, but when Medicare was passed in 1965, some religious groups opposed to social health care were allowed to leave the system. So not every American is enrolled in a Social Security program, and not everyone has a Social Security number. However, parents need a Social Security number to claim their child as an income tax dependent, and the IRS requires all businesses to obtain a Social Security number (or another alternative identification number, as described below) for all employees. Only people who are willing to pay the extra taxes and don’t work for any company can live without a social security number. Among them, the Amish are actively resisting comprehensive social security programs, such as pushing for the removal of the requirement to provide a social security number for hunting licenses.

Until the 1980s, Social Security cards had rules stating that they could not be used as ID. But since nearly all US nationals have a Social Security number, which makes it easy to use the number in every way, the message was removed.

There are still some people who do not have Social Security numbers. But it has become increasingly difficult to conduct legitimate financial activities without a Social Security number, including opening a bank account or applying for a loan. And companies are legal “not required” to hire people without Social Security numbers.

Federal Taxpayer Identification Number

The Internal Revenue Code states, “Except for issuance under the authority of the Treasurer or his appointee, Social Security numbers issued to individuals under Section 205 c2A of the Social Security Act shall be personal identification number.”

Types of Social Security Cards

There are three types of Social Security cards. The most common type contains the cardholder’s name and number and is primarily issued to US citizens and permanent residents. There are also two other restricted Social Security cards:

(1) Indicate ” NOT VALID FOR EMPLOYMENT ” (not for work). This type of card cannot be used to certify employment, and it cannot be used as a document on Form I-9 (Proof of Competence for Worker by Employer) on List C (Documentation Required for Work Permit Application).

(2) Indicate ” VALID FOR WORK ONLY WITH DHS AUTHORIZATION ” (applicable to work when approved by the Ministry of National Security). This type of card is issued to people with temporary US work permits. Documents required for Form I-9 may be applied, but must be used with a work authorization card.

Congress passed The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act in 2004, which included requiring the Social Security Administration to redesign Social Security cards to prevent counterfeiting. From April 2006 to August 2007, the Social Security Administration (SSA), the US Government Printing Office (GPD ), and the Department of Homeland Security formed an executive committee and set about redesigning the Social Security Card. New social security card designs include both hidden and overt anti-counterfeiting security designs.

Individuals who are therefore ineligible for a Social Security number but need tax refund records are issued an “Individual Taxpayer Identification Number” by the IRS.

personal identity theft

Many citizens and privacy advocates are concerned that the disclosure and use of Social Security numbers could cause problems.

Internet Social Security Number

Because social security numbers are associated with many other types of identification, and because social security numbers are considered a form of authentication, many crimes of stealing personal data are carried out using social security numbers. Many financial institutions require a Social Security number when opening a bank account, applying for a credit card, or issuing a loan, because it is widely believed that no one other than the holder will know the number.

The social security card does not contain any type of biometric authentication design, so it is impossible to confirm whether the user is the cardholder; in addition, other relevant documents cannot be used to assist the proof, because the thief can also use a non-personal social security number to apply for other Related documents. These issues have contributed to the worsening of Social Security number theft. The US Congress is reviewing restrictions on the use of Social Security numbers and plans to ban commercial use (such as applications when renting a car).

The Social Security Administration recommends that people who are required to provide a Social Security number or card should ask about the laws under which they are based.

By Master James

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