IRS: 2021 tax changes highlight more tax credits for broad households; many who don’t normally file should be filing this year

IRS: 2021 tax changes highlight more tax credits for broad households; many who don't normally file should be filing this year

Among the changes, taxpayers will see on their 2021 federal income tax returns from the US rescue package include: an expanded tax credit for families at large, the charitable giving credit for filers that do not use itemized deductions, and the use of itemized deductions Deduct the filer’s higher charitable giving limit.

This year, many people who normally don’t need to file their taxes should consider filing so they can take advantage of expansions such as the stimulus check rebate child tax credit (in English) child and dependent care cost credit (in English), income tax credit file accurate tax forms electronically direct deposit via transfer, and the benefits. Because these expanded benefits will mean more tax refunds for many people, be sure to opt for them to avoid processing delays and speed up your tax refund.

Parents who have a new child in 2021, or a new dependent added to the family in 2021, please pay special attention: Parents who have a new child in 2021 and are listed as a dependent, you may be eligible for a 2021 tax credit for the child of up to $1,400. The IRS also encourages all eligible parents who are welcoming eligible adopted/foster care or new-born children in 2021 to apply for a child tax benefit on their 2021 income tax return, up to $3,600 per child born in 2021 child tax concessions. Families that added a dependent (such as a parent, nephew/niece, or grandchild/granddaughter) to their 2021 income tax return but did not list them as a dependent on their 2020 income tax return may qualify for the dependent people receive 2021 tax credits of up to $1,400.

Below is a list of some important changes for you.

Missed out on the stimulus package? Claiming the relief tax refund

Eligible people who have not received the third round of Economic Impact Payments (also known as stimulus payments) or have not received the full amount of the payment can apply for a Relief Relief Rebate ( RRC ) when they file their taxes.

The law requires the third round of Economic Impact Payments ( EIP 3) to be issued to eligible Americans throughout 2021. Typically, this amount is equivalent to $1,400 per person. In most cases, that means a family of four received a total of $5,600.

Many people who initially received less than full payment also received “additional” payments. Typically, this happens when they file a 2020 tax return with information indicating that they are eligible for a larger payment than the IRS originally estimated.

Individuals receiving a third Economic Impact Payment will reduce the amount of credit they are eligible for. Individuals need to know the total amount of their third Economic Impact Payment and any additional payments to apply for the 2021 stimulus payment tax refund to avoid processing delays that can slow down the refund.

Individuals can use the IRS online account to view the total amount of their third Economic Impact Payment under the relevant tax year option. Between now and March, the IRS will also send letter 6475 to everyone who receives an initial third round of Economic Impact Payments or additional payments, or both. Married Spouses receiving joint payments will need to log in to their respective online accounts or review their letters to find out their portion of the total payment. Grant recipients must use this information to calculate their stimulus tax refund.

Electronic filing and tax preparation software can help individuals calculate their stimulus payment tax refund. The 2021 Form 1040 and Form 1040- SR Instructions for the Relief Refund Worksheet can also help taxpayers determine if they are eligible for this refund.

more information, IRS.gov/rrc.

Expanded child tax benefits for 2021

The US Rescue Program increases the amount of the Child Tax Credit ( CTC ), making 17-year-old dependents eligible, fully refundable for most families, and allowing families to advance their monthly payments in the second half of 2021 Get paid up to half the total. In addition, families can receive child tax credits even if they receive little or no income from work, business, or other sources.

To qualify for the child tax credit, eligible families must file tax forms even if they receive monthly advances. Additionally, everyone must attach Schedule 8812 (in English) to their tax return.

The credit is up to $2,000 per eligible child until 2021. The law increases the limit to $3,000 per child for dependents ages 6 to 17, and $3,600 for dependents 5 and younger.

The highest amount applies to taxpayers whose modified Adjusted Gross Income ( AGI ) is:

  • Singles $75,000 or less,
  • $112,500 or less for the head of household, and
  • $150,000 or less for married joint-filing couples and eligible widows/widowers.

After these income thresholds are exceeded, the modified AGI will be reduced by an additional $50 for each additional $1,000 over the original $2,000 credit (either $1,000 or $1,600 per child).

For families living in the US, the credit is fully refundable and is called the Refundable Child Tax Credit ( RCTC ). That means eligible households, even if they don’t owe federal income tax, can get it. To qualify for the refundable child tax benefit, the taxpayer’s primary residence must be in the United States more than half of the time during 2021. Military personnel meets this requirement even if they are stationed abroad.

Until 2021, the refundable portion, the Additional Child Tax Credit ( ACTC ), is limited to $1,400 per child. In 2021, the additional child tax credit limit of $1,400, in general, continues to apply to Americans overseas, that is, taxpayers whose primary residence is not in the United States.

to early filers who claim the Additional Child Tax Credit ( ACTC ) or Income Income Tax Credit ( EITC ).

Repay the advance

Those who do not qualify for the child tax credit in 2021 but receive an advance payment may need to repay some or all of the payment. But low- and middle-income taxpayers are generally protected from this repayment requirement. The repayment protection limit is $2,000 per child.

Taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income equal to or less than the following are not required to repay:

  • Married filing jointly and eligible widows and widows: $60,000;
  • Head of household: $50,000;
  • Everyone else: $40,000.

Due to the law, above these income levels, repayment protection is phased out, so full or partial repayment is required. Full repayment is required for taxpayers with a modified AGI not lower than:

  • Married joint filing and eligible widows/widowers: $120,000;
  • Head of household: $100,000;
  • Others: $80,000.

Taxpayers are required to use Schedule 8812 to report repayments or to determine if repayment protections apply. This is also the form to apply for child tax credit and to report any child tax credit advances. To ensure this form is completed correctly, anyone receiving an advance in 2021 should ensure they have a copy of Letter 6419 (in English) from the IRS on hand.

2021 Child and Dependent Care Fee Discounts Increase

The US Relief Program increases child and dependent care discounts and eligible expenses modifying the phasing out of high-income earners and making them refundable.

In 2021, the maximum discount percentage on qualifying fees will increase from 35% to 50%.

In addition, eligible taxpayers may claim the eligible child and dependent care expenses up to:

  • $8,000 for an eligible child or dependent, up from $3,000 in previous years, or
  • $16,000 for two or more eligible dependents, up from $6,000 before 2021.

That means the maximum 50% discount on eligible expenses for one dependent in 2021 is $4,000 and two or more dependents are $8,000.

Employer-provided dependent care benefits, such as those provided by a Flexible Spending Arrangement ( FSA ), must be deducted from the total eligible expenses when calculating the credit.

of Forms 1040 1040- SR (in English).

The 50% discount percentage decreases as income increases after adjusted gross income exceeds $125,000 and remains at 20% for taxpayers with adjusted gross income above $183,000. This discount percentage level remains at 20% until $400,000 is reached. If it is higher, it will be gradually canceled. Any taxpayer with an adjusted gross income of $438,000 or more is completely ineligible for this benefit.

In 2021, the offer is fully refundable for the first time. This offer is on Form 2441 (English). Publication 503 (in English)is claimed For more information, see.

2021 Expanded Income Tax Credit for Childless Taxpayers

In 2021 alone, more childless workers and couples will be eligible for the Income Tax Credit, a fully refundable tax benefit that helps many low- and moderate-income workers and working families. That’s because the maximum credit for these taxpayers has nearly tripled and is being offered to young workers and seniors for the first time.

In 2021, the maximum income tax credit for no dependents is $1,502, up from $538 in 2020. In 2021, filers with an adjusted gross income of less than $27,380 can apply, and eligible workers over the age of 19 can apply. Homeless people over the age of 18 and young people who were previously placed in foster care may also be eligible.

On the other hand, students under the age of 24 are generally not eligible to apply. In the past, no dependent income tax credit claimants included only those between the ages of 25 and 64.

Another change applies to workers without children and families with dependents. For 2021, this change allows them to choose to use their 2019 income (as long as it is higher than their 2021 income) to calculate the income tax credit. In some cases, this option will give them a larger credit.

Income Tax Credit Changes for 2021 and Future Years

Changes to the expanded income tax credit for 2021 and future years include:

  • Singles and couples with Social Security numbers can apply for the credit even if their children do not have Social Security numbers. In this case, they will receive a smaller credit that applies to childless workers. In the past, these filers were not eligible for the credit.
  • More workers and working families with additional investment income can receive the credit. Beginning in 2021, the investment income cap is raised to $10,000. After 2021, the $10,000 limit is tied to inflation, rising to $10,300 in 2022. Until 2021, the limit is $3,650.
  • For the income tax credit, a married but separated spouse can choose to be considered unmarried. To be eligible, the spouse claiming the credit cannot file jointly with the other partner, have the same primary residence as the other partner for the past six months and must have an eligible child living with them for more than half a year.

For more information on the Income Income Tax Credit, visitIRS.gov/eitc or see publication 596, Income Income Tax Credit (in English).

Charitable Deduction – for those who take the Standard Deduction

A temporary legal change allows more taxpayers to easily deduct cash donations of up to $600 to eligible charities on their 2021 federal income tax returns.

Cash donations include donations paid by check, credit, or debit card, as well as unreimbursed out-of-pocket expenses incurred by individuals volunteering to eligible charities. Cash donations do not include the value of volunteer services, securities, household items, or other belongings.

Generally, people who choose to take the standard deduction cannot claim the deduction for their charitable donations. Nearly nine in 10 taxpayers now take the standard deduction instead of itemized deductions.

12b of Forms 1040 1040- SR (in English

While cash donations to most charities are eligible, donations to supporting organizations and establishing/operating donor-advised funds are not. Donations carried over from previous years are not eligible, as are donations to most private foundations and most cash contributions to charitable surplus trusts.

Generally speaking, a donor-advised fund is a fund or account run by a charitable organization that, due to the status of the donor, can advise the fund on how to allocate or invest the amount that the donor donates and holds in the fund. Supporting organizations are charities that achieve their exempt purposes by supporting other exempt organizations (usually other public charities).

Special record-keeping rules apply to taxpayers claiming the charitable donation deduction. Typically, this includes getting confirmation letters from the charity before filing taxes and keeping cashed checks or credit card receipts for cash donations.

For more information on recordkeeping rules for charitable giving, see on the IRS.gov Publication No. 526, Charitable Contributions (in English), website.

Filers using itemized deductions can choose a 100% limit on eligible cash donations

Taxpayers who made large cash donations in 2021 and used itemized deductions may be eligible for a deduction of up to 100% of their adjusted gross income for their donations. The usual limit is 60% of adjusted gross income. The guidelines for qualifying donations are similar to the guidelines for the charitable donation deduction for filers using the standard deduction. Special rules apply to the selection and calculation of this higher limit. For more information, including worksheets and examples, see publication 526.

By Master James

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