How are cavities removed?

How are cavities removed?

The treatment to eliminate cavities is carried out through a restoration carried out by the dentist, which consists of removing the cavities and all the infected tissue, and then filling the cavity with a material that can be resin, amalgam, or porcelain.

Currently, there are 3 ways to perform this treatment: with anesthesia and a kind of “drill” to eliminate all cavities, with laser or with a gel called Papacárie, which manages to soften the cavities and eliminate all the injured tissue, quickly and without pain, being an excellent option for those who are afraid of going to the dentist.

When to perform a restoration on the tooth

Dental restoration is indicated to fill the cavity that remains after removing caries completely. The person may suspect that they have a cavity if they see a small hole or a black or dark spot on a tooth; to confirm the diagnosis it is necessary to go to the dentist. Learn how to identify and treat tooth decay.

To make the diagnosis, the dentist has to observe the teeth with a small mirror and some pointed instruments to check if there is a pain in the area, and it may also be necessary to take an x-ray to assess the depth of caries if it reaches the nerve of the tooth, the state of the root and the bone where they are. Learn how the panoramic x-ray of the mandible and maxilla is performed.

How to perform this procedure

To restore the tooth, the dentist performs the following steps:

  1. Administers anesthesia, depending on the case;
  2. Remove the part of the tooth that is damaged, with the help of a dental drill, laser, or papacárie gel;
  3. Clean the tooth that has cavities with a small curette (in case of using the gel) or scrape the area with a micro motor;
  4. Place the resin to fill the cavity;
  5. Sand the resin to shape and adjust the height of the tooth.

Currently, the restoration is made with resin, which is a white tooth-colored material, which is practically imperceptible and is safer than old restorations; These were made using a silvery material called amalgam, which contains mercury in its composition, which is why it is no longer used.

Old restorations made with silver amalgams should be replaced by resin whenever they show cavities, cause dark stains on the teeth, or for safety reasons, since the resins do not affect health because they do not contain heavy metals, such as mercury.

What can you feel after the treatment?

If the restoration was performed with Papacárie gel, there is no need for anesthesia, which is why the person leaves the office without feeling any discomfort. But if the dentist opts for anesthesia and the use of the drill, the effect of the anesthesia can last for a few hours and the person must feel numb, tingly, and have difficulty speaking and eating.

Why it is important to perform the restoration

It is important to carry out the restoration whenever the tooth is decayed because it can be passed on to other teeth and also infect other people through kisses and sharing glasses and cutlery, for example.

In addition, the decay increases in size with time and allows the installation of more bacteria, viruses, and foods that can aggravate the situation, even favoring the need for other procedures such as root canals or dental extraction, which must then be replaced. with the placement of a prosthesis in the area or a denture.

Can a restoration be performed while pregnant?

Pregnant women have a greater risk of developing gingivitis and cavities due to the common hormonal alterations of this phase, for this reason, it is important to go to the dentist at least 2 times during pregnancy to evaluate oral health, to treat any cavities before there are complications and perform cleanings and controls.

Dental care can be performed in any trimester of pregnancy, however, it is recommended that caries treatment, use of anesthesia, and gum treatments be performed in the second trimester since the formation of cavities is carried out in the first trimester. the baby’s organs and can only be cared for in extreme emergencies. In the third trimester, thanks to the size of the belly and the weight of the baby, long sessions should be avoided, since episodes of low blood pressure can occur due to the pressure generated by the baby and the organs; If care is necessary, the patient should change position every 3 to 7 minutes, the session should not last more than 25 minutes, and the dental chair should be placed in a semi-lying position.

In the case of papacárie gel, it can be used in any period of pregnancy.

How to treat cavities without anesthesia and pain

An excellent way to eliminate cavities is to use the gel called Papacárie, which is made from papain, a substance found in papaya, which completely removes tooth decay without the need for anesthesia or “drill” for scraping the tooth.

This treatment with Papacárie gel should also be performed in the dentist’s office, because it should be applied inside the decayed tooth, leaving it to act for about 1 minute. Then, the site must be carefully cleaned by the dentist, using a manual instrument called a curette, which removes decay and injured tissue, without pain or discomfort. Subsequently, the dentist must fill the cavity with a “mass” of resin so that the tooth can be completely restored.

This new treatment for cavities with Papacarie gel is excellent for use in children and the elderly, who have greater difficulty in supporting the routine treatment performed by the dentist, however, it can be used at all ages and even in pregnancy.

By Master James

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