Enhancing Student Learning: Seven Principles for Good Practice

The Seven Principles Resource Center
Winona State University
The Seven Standards for Good Practice in Undergrad Schooling outgrew a survey of 50 years of exploration on the manner in which educators instruct and understudies master (Chickering and Gamson, 1987, p. 1) and a meeting that united a recognized gathering of scientists and observers on advanced education. The essential objective of the Standards’ creators was to distinguish practices, strategies, and institutional circumstances that would bring about a strong and getting through undergrad schooling (Sorcinelli, 1991, p. 13).
1. Good Practice Encourages Student – Instructor Contact
Successive understudy – educator contact all through classes is a significant figure of understudy inspiration and contribution. Educator concern assists understudies with overcoming unpleasant times and continuing to work. Realizing a couple of teachers well upgrades understudies’ scholarly responsibility and urges them to ponder their own qualities and tentative arrangements. You may also like to learn Learning Quran
Implementation Ideas:
Share past experiences, values, and attitudes.
Design an activity that brings students to your office during the first weeks of class.
Try to get to know your students by name by the end of the first three weeks of the term.
Attend, support, and sponsor events led by student groups.
Treat students as human beings with full real lives; ask how they are doing.
Hold “out of class” review sessions.
Use email regularly to encourage and inform.
Hold regular “hours” in the Michigan Union or residence halls where students can stop by for informal visits.
Take students to professional meetings or other events in your field.
2.  Good Practice Encourages Cooperation Among Students
Learning is upgraded when it is more similar to a collaboration than a performance race. Great learning, similar to great work, is cooperative and social, not cutthroat and segregated. Working with others frequently increments association in learning. Sharing one’s own thoughts and answering others’ responses further develops thinking and extends understanding.
Implementation Ideas:
Ask students to share information about each other’s backgrounds and academic interests.
Encourage students to prepare together for classes or exams.
Create study groups within your course.
Ask students to give constructive feedback on each other’s work and to explain difficult ideas to each other.
Use small group discussions, collaborative projects in and out of class, group presentations, and case study analysis.
Ask students to discuss key concepts with other students whose backgrounds and viewpoints are different from their own.
Encourage students to work together.
3.  Good Practice Encourages Active Learning
Learning isn’t a passive activity. Understudies don’t learn a lot simply sitting in classes paying attention to teachers, retaining tasks, and letting out replies. They should discuss what they are realizing, expound on it, relate it to previous encounters, and apply it to their day-to-day routines. They should make what they realize part of themselves. Also, learn about Online Quran Courses
Implementation Ideas:
Ask students to present their work to the class.
Give students concrete, real-life situations to analyze.
Ask students to summarize similarities and differences among research findings, artistic works, or laboratory results.
Model asking questions, listening behaviors, and feedback.
Encourage the use of professional journals.
Use technology to encourage active learning.
Encourage the use of internships, study abroad, service learning, and clinical opportunities.
Use class time to work on projects.
4.  Good Practice Gives Prompt Feedback
Understanding what you know and don’t know centers learning. Understudies need proper input on execution to profit from courses. In getting everything rolling, understudies need assistance in evaluating existing information and ability. In classes, understudies need successive chances to perform and get ideas for development. At different focuses during school, and toward the end, understudies need opportunities to ponder what they have realized, what they actually need to be aware, and how to evaluate themselves.
Implementation Ideas:
Return examinations promptly, preferably within a week, if not sooner.
Schedule brief meetings with the students to discuss their progress.
Prepare problems or exercises that give students immediate feedback on how well they are doing. (e.g., Angelo, 1993)
Give frequent quizzes and homework assignments to help students monitor their progress.
Give students written comments on the strengths and weaknesses of their tests/papers.
Give students focused feedback on their work early in the term.
Consider giving a mid-term assessment or progress report.
Be clear in relating performance level/expectations to grade.
Communicate regularly with students via email about various aspects of the class.
5.  Good Practice Emphasizes Time on Task
Time in addition to energy approaches learning. There is no viable replacement for time on task. Figuring out how to involve one’s time well is basic for understudies and experts the same. Understudies need assistance in learning viable using time effectively. Allotting practical measures of time implies compelling learning for understudies and successful education for educators.
Implementation Ideas:
Communicate to students the amount of time they should spend preparing for class.
Expect students to complete their assignments promptly.
Underscore the importance of regular work, steady application, self-pacing, and scheduling.
Divide the class into timed segments so as to keep on task.
Meet with students who fall behind to discuss their study habits and schedules.
Don’t hesitate to refer students to learning skills professionals on campus.
Use technology to make resources easily available to students.
Consider using mastery learning, contract learning, and computer-assisted instruction as appropriate.
6.  Good Practice Communicates High Expectations
Hope for something else and you will get it. Exclusive requirements are significant for everybody — for the inadequately ready, for those reluctant to strive, and for the splendid and very much propelled. Anticipating that understudies should perform well turns into an inevitable outcome when teachers hold elevated requirements for them and put forth additional attempts.
Implementation Ideas:
Make your expectations clear at the beginning of the course both in writing and orally. Tell them you expect them to work hard.
Periodically discuss how well the class is doing during the course of the semester.
Encourage students to write; require drafts of work.  Give students opportunities to revise their work.
Set up study guidelines.
Publish students’ work on a course website. This often motivates students to higher levels of performance. Get the idea of a Quran Courses for kids
There are numerous streets to learning. Individuals bring various gifts and styles of figuring out how to school. Understudies wealthy in active encounters may not do so well with the hypothesis. Understudies need the chance to show their gifts and learn in manners that work for them. They can be pushed to learn in new ways that don’t come with such ease.
Implementation Ideas:
Use a range of teaching activities to address a broad spectrum of students.
Provide extra material or exercises for students who lack essential background knowledge or skills.
Identify students’ learning styles, and backgrounds at the beginning of the semester.
Use different activities in class – videos, discussions, lectures, groups, guest speakers, and pairwork.
Use different assignment methods – written, oral, projects, etc. – so as to engage as many ways of learning as possible (e.g., visual, auditory).
Give students a real-world problem to solve that has multiple solutions. Provide examples and questions to guide them.
Patrons: The Showing Greatness Center at Brigham Youthful College; Northern Essex Junior college; Dennis Congos, College of Focal Florida; Edward Nuhfer, College of Colorado at Denver and Delores Knipp, US Aviation based armed forces Institute; and James W. Lord, College of Nebraska-Lincoln.

By Master Henry

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