The operation of the wisdom teeth consists of the teeth extraction of the permanent dental pieces located in the ends of the mouth, in the upper and lower part. Depending on the case, both maxillofacial surgeons and dentists can perform this intervention in a hospital or clinic.
As a general rule, these teeth begin to grow from 17 to 25. They are located in the back of the mouth and, although it is not very common, some people never develop them.
When is the intervention of wisdom teeth performed?
If there is enough space in the mouth, the wisdom teeth generally come out like the rest without causing any problems. However, the most common is that pain, infection, inflammation, or another type of condition occurs during the growth process due to what is known as impacted or impacted teeth.
In addition to these symptoms, when these parts cannot develop naturally, they can cause other more severe problems. These include the impact with other teeth, damage to the bones of the mouth, the ineffectiveness of orthodontic treatments, and even periodontitis.
In these cases, it is necessary to operate on the wisdom teeth to treat the current problems and prevent others that may appear in the future. Also, if these molars are only partially grown, intervention is even more critical to reduce the chances of infection due to the accumulation of food debris in the sockets.
On the other hand, it is also recommended to carry out the intervention of the wisdom teeth, even if they do not present problems, to prevent possible dental complications. It must be taken into account that, although the growth occurs asymptomatically, it does not mean the total absence of diseases.
How is the postoperative of the wisdom teeth?
Before undergoing wisdom teeth surgery, it is necessary to wait for a possible infection to clear up. Likewise, the side effects that can be suffered after the intervention should also be known:
- Swelling and pain of the gums and, specifically, of the cavity where the tooth was, are widespread.
- If the extraction has been complicated, the most normal thing is to notice some difficulty in opening the mouth and some discomfort when eating.
- Since the mouth is a moist space, wound healing usually takes along. After about a week, the dentist will remove the stitches if necessary.
- Some people tend to bleed after wisdom teeth surgery. The bleeding usually disappears within 24 hours, although the dentist or surgeon should be called urgently if it does not.
To make the days following the intervention more bearable, it is necessary to take the painkillers prescribed by the professional. Likewise, smoking and touching the operated area with the tongue or fingers should be avoided. As far as possible, it is essential to continue with regular oral hygiene, supplementing it with warm salt water rinses several times a day.
The operation of the wisdom teeth is one of the most effective solutions to avoid many problems in the mouth. To be protected in this sense, it is advisable to have full dental insurance possible that includes different oral guarantees and reduced excesses in certain services.